about 30AD
before the disappearrance of the Apostles, before 70AD

Mat 24:7-8
There will be famines and earthquakes in various places. 8 All these are the beginning of birth pains.





Mark 13:8
There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. These are the beginning of birth pains.





Luke 21:11
There will be great earthquakes, famines and pestilences in various places, and fearful events and great signs from heaven.

Acts 11:27-30 and Acts 12:25
During this time some prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 28 One of them, named Agabus, stood up and through the Spirit predicted that a severe famine would spread over the entire Roman world. (This happened during the reign of Claudius.) 29 The disciples, each according to his ability, decided to provide help for the brothers living in Judea. 30 This they did, sending their gift to the elders by Barnabas and Saul. 12:25 When Barnabas and Saul had finished their mission, they returned from Jerusalem, taking with them John, also called Mark.
Galatians 2:9-10
James, Peter and John, those reputed to be pillars, gave me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship when they recognized the grace given to me. They agreed that we should go to the Gentiles, and they to the Jews. 10 All they asked was that we should continue to remember the poor, the very thing I was eager to do.
1 Corinthians 16:1-4
Now about the collection for God's people: Do what I told the Galatian churches to do. 2 On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made. 3 Then, when I arrive, I will give letters of introduction to the men you approve and send them with your gift to Jerusalem. 4 If it seems advisable for me to go also, they will accompany me.
2 Corinthians 8:1-10:3
And now, brothers, we want you to know about the grace that God has given the Macedonian churches. 2 Out of the most severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity. 3 For I testify that they gave as much as they were able, and even beyond their ability. Entirely on their own, 4 they urgently pleaded with us for the privilege of sharing in this service to the saints. 5 And they did not do as we expected, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us in keeping with God's will. 6 So we urged Titus, since he had earlier made a beginning, to bring also to completion this act of grace on your part. 7 But just as you excel in everything — in faith, in speech, in knowledge, in complete earnestness and in your love for us — see that you also excel in this grace of giving. 8 I am not commanding you, but I want to test the sincerity of your love by comparing it with the earnestness of others. 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that you through his poverty might become rich. 10 And here is my advice about what is best for you in this matter: Last year you were the first not only to give but also to have the desire to do so. 11 Now finish the work, so that your eager willingness to do it may be matched by your completion of it, according to your means. 12 For if the willingness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what he does not have. 13 Our desire is not that others might be relieved while you are hard pressed, but that there might be equality. 14 At the present time your plenty will supply what they need, so that in turn their plenty will supply what you need. Then there will be equality, 15 as it is written: "He who gathered much did not have too much, and he who gathered little did not have too little." 16 I thank God, who put into the heart of Titus the same concern I have for you. 17 For Titus not only welcomed our appeal, but he is coming to you with much enthusiasm and on his own initiative. 18 And we are sending along with him the brother who is praised by all the churches for his service to the gospel. 19 What is more, he was chosen by the churches to accompany us as we carry the offering, which we administer in order to honor the Lord himself and to show our eagerness to help. 20 We want to avoid any criticism of the way we administer this liberal gift. 21 For we are taking pains to do what is right, not only in the eyes of the Lord but also in the eyes of men. 22 In addition, we are sending with them our brother who has often proved to us in many ways that he is zealous, and now even more so because of his great confidence in you. 23 As for Titus, he is my partner and fellow worker among you; as for our brothers, they are representatives of the churches and an honor to Christ. 24 Therefore show these men the proof of your love and the reason for our pride in you, so that the churches can see it. 9 There is no need for me to write to you about this service to the saints. 2 For I know your eagerness to help, and I have been boasting about it to the Macedonians, telling them that since last year you in Achaia were ready to give; and your enthusiasm has stirred most of them to action. 3 But I am sending the brothers in order that our boasting about you in this matter should not prove hollow, but that you may be ready, as I said you would be. 4 For if any Macedonians come with me and find you unprepared, we — not to say anything about you — would be ashamed of having been so confident. 5 So I thought it necessary to urge the brothers to visit you in advance and finish the arrangements for the generous gift you had promised. Then it will be ready as a generous gift, not as one grudgingly given. 6 Remember this: Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously. 7 Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver. 8 And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work. 9 As it is written: "He has scattered abroad his gifts to the poor; his righteousness endures forever." 10 Now he who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will also supply and increase your store of seed and will enlarge the harvest of your righteousness. 11 You will be made rich in every way so that you can be generous on every occasion, and through us your generosity will result in thanksgiving to God. 12 This service that you perform is not only supplying the needs of God's people but is also overflowing in many expressions of thanks to God. 13 Because of the service by which you have proved yourselves, men will praise God for the obedience that accompanies your confession of the gospel of Christ, and for your generosity in sharing with them and with everyone else. 14 And in their prayers for you their hearts will go out to you, because of the surpassing grace God has given you. 15 Thanks be to God for his indescribable gift! 10 By the meekness and gentleness of Christ, I appeal to you — I, Paul, who am "timid" when face to face with you, but "bold" when away! 2 I beg you that when I come I may not have to be as bold as I expect to be toward some people who think that we live by the standards of this world.
Romans 15:25-27 ~Paul to Romans, 55AD
Now, however, I am on my way to Jerusalem in the service of the saints there. 26 For Macedonia and Achaia were pleased to make a contribution for the poor among the saints in Jerusalem.
Acts 24:17-18 ~Paul, around 60AD, came again to Jerusalem with food-gifts
"After an absence of several years, I came to Jerusalem to bring my people gifts for the poor and to present offerings.
62 AD

Two hundred grain-ships destroyed by storm in the
harbor at Ostia; one hundred more destroyed by fire
while navigating the Tiber bringing grain to Rome.
Tacitus, Annals, XV, xviii
A Great famine in Armenia and Palestine. R.H. Charles,
Revelation, New International Critical Commentary, Vol.
I, 155

65 AD

Pestilence decimates Rome; Suetonius gives the number
of those cut down by the plague at thirty-thousand. The
pestilence was followed by a hurricane in Campania:
“Upon this year, disgraced by so many deeds of
shame, Heaven also set its mark by tempest and by
disease. Campania was wasted by a whirlwind
[hurricane], which far and wide wrecked the farms,
the fruit trees, and the crops, and carried its fury to
the neighbourhood of the capital, where all classes of
men were being decimated by a deadly epidemic.
No outward sign of a distempered air was visible.
Yet the houses were filled with lifeless bodies, the
streets with funerals. Neither sex nor age gave
immunity from danger; slaves and the free-born
populace alike were summarily cut down, amid the
laments of their wives and children, who, themselves
infected while tending or mourning the victims, were
often thrown upon the same pyre.” Tacitus, Annals,
XVI, xiii.

68 AD Grain shortage caused panic in Rome, aggravated by
Nero’s use of grain ships to import sand for his arena.
Suetonius, Nero, XLV
69 AD

Rhoxolani (Sarmatians) invade province of Moesia.
Tacitus, Histories, I, lxxix
Tiber floods; men are swept to death; tenements collapse,
killing occupants; famine ensues due to general
conditions and inability of grain ships to navigate Tiber.
Tacitus, Histories, I, lxxxvi
Otho commits suicide (April 16); Vitellius declared
emperor by Roman senate. The victorious troops of
Vitellius plunder Italy:
“But the distress of Italy was now heavier and more
terrible than that inflicted by war. The troops of Vitellius,
scattering among the municipalities and colonies,
indulged in every kind of robbery, theft, violence and
debauchery. Their greed and venality knew no
distinction between right and wrong; they respected
nothing, whether sacred or profane. There were cases too
where, under the disguise of soldiers, men murdered their
personal enemies; and the soldiers in their turn, being
acquainted with the country, marked out the best-stocked
farms and the richest owners for booty or destruction, in
case any resistance was made. The generals were subject
to their troops and did not dare to forbid them.” Tacitus,
Histories, II, lvi; Loeb. ed.
Leading citizens ruined; whole communities devastated,
providing for Vitellius’ banquets and sixty thousand
soldiers in route to Rome. Tacitus, Histories, II, lxii;

REWARDS Delivered at the Fall of Babylon (AD70 Jerusalem)